Terminology

Carborundum

Carborundum is a metal in powder form that is used to create relief patterns on a plate. When mixed with acrylic medium it becomes a slurry type material and can be painted, dripped or smudged onto a PlexiGlas® plate. When it hardens, the raised pattern catches the ink and the design is transferred to the paper through the press.

Chine Collé

Chine collé is a technique which allows the artist to print on a lighter paper, such as Sekishu Japanese paper, for finer detail and adhere it to a heavier stock paper for display. Printing can take place at the same time the pre-pasted thinner sheet passes through the press.

Collage

The word collage is derived from the French collé, or glued. The collages in this exhibit are made from a collection of various materials either previously printed and reassembled, or assembled and printed with multiple press runs and then glued down.

Intaglio

Intaglio printing means the ink is applied into the grooves, as etched or created by hand, on a plate.

Monotypes

Monotype literally means one print. The monotype process results in a unique print in much the same way that a drawing or painting is complete on its own. The artist inks or paints on a metal or Plexiglas® plate instead of paper or canvas. This plate is then put through a press that transfers the image from the plate to the paper creating a singular impression.
The plate cannot be re-inked and printed to make duplicate impressions. Reduction monotypes are created by inking the complete Plexiglas plate and, with various techniques, wiping away the ink until the image emerges. They are then printed to create a singular impression.

Monoprints

A monoprint, unlike a monotype, is based on a matrix that can be used over and over to produce a series of unique prints.

Paper Lithography

Paper lithography is also known as gum arabic transfer or xerox lithography. The paper photocopy actually becomes the plate when the gum arabic interacts with the toner and raises it slightly off the paper. The black areas absorb the ink and the white areas are gently wiped clean with water before making the impression.

Relief

Relief printing means the ink is rolled or applied to the surface of a plate.

Solar Plates

Solar plates were adapted to the art world in the 1970’s by Dan Welden. The plate is a steel-backed, light-sensitized polymer material used as an alternative to the traditional etching and relief printmaking methods. It does not use the grounds, acids or solvents, which are required for traditional etching and, instead, can be etched by exposing the plate to U.V. light (the sun) and developed with ordinary tap water.
The plate can be etched by several methods. It can be inked fully then drawn into and exposed, or can be exposed through the use of film positives either created by photography or by having an image transferred to acetate and then to the plate. The exposure time is based on the time of the year and location of the sun. To ink, the artist may choose to use traditional oil-based inks or may use the recently developed Akua soy-based intaglio inks requiring an environmentally friendly water wash up.